China is a very interesting country with a background to match. China’s climatically varied geography is a key part of China’s fame, while its culture makes it one of the most exciting countries on the planet. These two factors make China one of the strongest countries on Earth. China has a very interesting and diverse climate and geography. China is 3,100 miles from west to east and 3,400 miles from north to south. China has varying landscapes such as forests, mountains, coastlines, deserts and plateaus, to name only a few. The altitude is greatest in the west and decreases as one goes east; rivers flow from west to east as a result of this. There are thousands of rivers in China, but the two largest are the Yangtze followed closely in size by the Huang He river (Yellow River). The Yangtze is the third largest river on Earth! The climate in China is as varied as the landscape.The three major climates are as follows: the northern part (Beijing) has brutal and harsh winters. The middle part (Shanghai) has a temperate climate; their winters are not as brutal as the northern section. The southern part (Guangzhou) has a semitropical climate, due to its short distance from the equator. China is currently in a drought. Deserts have been expanding due to the drought. This drought has also made dust storms common in the spring. These dust storms can blow all the way to Taiwan and to the American west coast! Climate and geography are important factors in China, if not worldwide. China’s culture is very important to its citizens. Three branches of Chinese culture highly valued by the people are government, religion (Taoism) and science. The Chinese government governs its citizens in a communist way, but it still gives citizens many freedoms. The given freedom, though, results in extreme environmental costs. Taoism is one of the most widely practiced faiths in China. Taoism has been passed down orally and written down for centuries. There were 29 major gods and goddesses, all with different personalities. These stories were often intertwined with science. Chinese science had many new breakthroughs and often innovated many new ideas and objects. The first observations of comets, solar and lunar eclipses and of supernovae were made in China. Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese medicine were used and made in China. China were the first to make many new creations and to devise some ideas, including: unmanned flying machines (kites), shadow clocks, gunpowder, printing, paper, the magnetic (lodestone) compass, porcelain, rudders, seismographs, silk, noodles, the stirrup, the wheelbarrow, mathematics and the number pi. The Chinese culture would not exist without its strong central government, its unique religion, it's clever innovations and its intelligent ideas. China is a country that has a complex geography and a fascinating culture. It is made world famous for these two reasons. These reasons are essential to its over 5,000 years of existence. When you combine a varied geography and climate with a unique and world renowned culture, you get China.